three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; the band colors derive from the Arab Liberation flag and represent oppression (black), overcome through bloody struggle (red), to be replaced ... Así luce uno de los sarcófagos -que data de 2 500 años- descubierto en El Cairo. Foto: AFP. Según las autoridades, “otros sarcófagos deberían ser hallados en otros pozos cercanos (al lugar ... Progress and Completion in Education. Progress and Completion in Education . Education Expenditures LA TEOCRACIA EN EGIPTO ¿Qué es la teocracia? TEO = Dios CRACIA= Gobierno El poder Estado e institución religiosa Religión y concepción egipcia Se centraba en una sola persona: el faraón. Este sistema no contempla una separación entre estado e institución religiosa Estas son A las 00:34 hora local, cerca de 3.500 rutas de ingreso y salida a internet en el país se apagaron por completo. En el mundo físico, esto equivaldría a que casi 9 de cada 10 carreteras en el ... (1.513 a.E.C.) Al salir de Egipto los israelitas, no lo hicieron a la desbandada; partieron en orden. Esto indicó que su mediador, Moisés, los había organizado bien. Una gran muchedumbre de no israelitas salió con ellos, decidió irse con el pueblo del Dios que obraba milagros. (Éxodo 12:37-51; Números 11:4.) Se llevaron sus manadas y… 49. La primera pena capital registrada la encontramos en un papiro del Antiguo Egipto que data del 1500 a. C. En este documento se sentencia a un joven adolescente a suicidarse por practicar magia. Sus opciones eran tomar veneno o acuchillarse. 50. Los griegos fueron quienes bautizaron a la antigua escritura egipcia como jeroglíficos. Solamente Alejandría, fundada por Alejandro Magno en el año 331 a.n.e. contiene valiosas obras de arquitectura, joyas, el Faro considerado una de las siete maravillas del mundo antiguo, mientras que Assiut, otro de los lugares donde ocurrió uno de los derrumbes, guarda evidencias del Antiguo Egipto, y es uno de los destinos turísticos ... The World Bank Group is preparing a new Country Partnership Framework 2021–2025 with job creation and inclusion the core theme. The new CPF will address government priorities and new challenges, utilizing global knowledge, financial resources, strong partnerships, and the Bank’s convening power to help the people of Egypt reap the fruits of their patience. COVID-19: New UNDP data dashboards reveal huge disparities among countries in ability to cope and recover. Indicators such as the level of poverty, healthcare capacity, access to internet and social protection can portray how severe the effects of the COVID-19 crisis might be in each of 189 countries.
2020.07.28 17:04 PedroChanque Madre con derecho me ataca por mi personaje de Dungeon and Dragons
2020.02.23 07:15 CuteBananaMuffin Andrew Basiago is Predicted "Planetary Level" Whistleblower for Mars Life and Time Travel
by Alfred Lambremont Webresubmitted by CuteBananaMuffin to conspiracy [link] [comments]
Seattle Exopolitics Examiner
November 9, 2009
A September 15, 2009 report using Asymmetric Language Trend Analysis (ALTA) of data collected by the Web Bot predicts that,
“It is very likely that the ‘whistleblower’ who had been described in previous ALTA reports (see 1309) as emerging out of the period of the [coagulation] of the [government/officialdom of the USofA due to financial structure collapse] is a person by the name of [Andrew D. Basiago].”
MARS Andrew D. Basiago
Clif High, administrator of the Web Bot and author of the ALTA report, states that the truth campaign of American whistle blower Andrew D. Basiago will raise Mr. Basiago’s public profile “to a very high level within the mainstream media and that such presence in the media will climb over the next 9/nine months to a planetary level.”
Basiago published a paper entitled The Discovery of Life on Mars on December 12, 2008 that contains photographic evidence and textual analysis of humanoid beings, animal species, carved statues, and built structures on Mars. These were derived from images taken by NASA’s Mars Exploration Rover Spirit on the surface of Mars. His paper, which achieves over 50 “firsts” in science, is the first work to prove that Mars not only harbored life in ancient times but is an inhabited planet today.
Referring to his paper, the ALTA report states,
“The past forecast for this person who would make a [planetary impact] of such magnitude that [a second wave] of other [whistle-blowers] of all kinds would be drawn into the public view includes descriptors and archetypes that are currently being fulfilled by reports about Andrew’s paper.”The ALTA report also states,
“[T]he linguistics both around Andrew D. Basiago and by him reach to almost 34/thirty-four percent of the predicted linguistic set (actually quite significant levels when attempting to match personality to forecast at this early a stage).”
The methodology of Web Bot and ALTA reports The Web Bot project on which the ALTA reports are based uses software to,
“search the Internet for about 300,000 keywords with emotional context and record the preceding and following words to create a ‘snapshot.’ Through this, the technology is claimed to be able to examine the collective unconscious of the world as a whole. It is thus said to be able to predict catastrophic [and other] events 60 to 90 days in advance.”The Web Bot is claimed to have accurately predicted the September 11, 2001 terror attacks in June 2001, as well as the blackout of the Northeastern United States in 2003.
The project was unsuccessful in predicting a Vancouver, B.C. and Pacific Northwest earthquake for December 12, 2008.
Russian television reports Basiago’s discovery A recent interview by reporter Daria Okuneva of TVC-Moscow is illustrative of the planetary media coverage that is beginning to be accorded Andrew D. Basiago’s discovery of life on Mars.
TVC-Moscow is a state-run Russian TV station with the fourth-largest coverage area in Russia.
Daria Okuneva, TVC - Moscow: What have you found in NASA's photographs from Mars? Andrew D. Basiago, President, Mars Anomaly Research Society (MARS): First, I have found abundant evidence of humanoid beings of two types on Mars, one closely resembling modern human beings on Earth and the other the Grays of the UFO contact literature. Second, I have found animal species, including animals that presently exist on Earth, that once existed on Earth but are now extinct, and that have never existed on Earth. Third, I have found many carved statues, especially large heads and faces of humans and animals made from indigenous rocks, which is a distinctively Martian art form, as exemplified by The Face on Mars at Cydonia. Fourth, I have found built structures, including aqueducts and buildings. Fifth, I have found dead bodies, including a large mass of dead humanoids littering the arroyo immediately west of the Home Plate Plateau in the Columbia Basin of the Gusev Crater of Mars. Lastly, and most intriguingly, I have found evidence of both large monuments and small rock carvings establishing the connection between Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mars.MARS - Humanoid found by Basiago on Tsiolkovski Ridge on Mars Okuneva: Does this evidence establish the existence of a previous civilization on Mars? Basiago: Yes. Mars was inhabited in antiquity and is inhabited today. The civilization on Mars was impacted by the solar system catastrophe of 9,500 BC, in which debris elements from the Vela supernova explosion entered our solar system, devastating Mars and destroying the great maritime civilization on Earth that built the Great Pyramid and the Sphinx. The evidence on Mars of this ancient civilization consists of very large monuments that can be seen from satellite images and now smaller details photographed by NASA's rovers Spirit and Opportunity, such as the image of an Egyptian pharaoh that MARS has identified on a rock on Mars that was photographed by Spirit, that we are calling "The Rosetta Stone of Mars" because it establishes the connection between Ancient Egypt and Mars. After this catastrophe, the human beings on Mars took refuge underground, where their post-catastrophe civilization has survived intact, and where, according to a senior CIA officer who contacted me after I published The Discovery of Life on Mars in 2008, one million Martian humanoids of several different types now live.
MARS - The Face of a Pharaoh as seen on "The Rosetta Stone of Mars" Okuneva: Is there any evidence of forests and water existing on Mars? Basiago: In my opinion, yes. Although the ecology of Mars is fragile and even tenuous by earthly standards, there is evidence that both forests and water presently exist on Mars. Several years ago, the late Dr. Thomas Van Flandern, the former chief astronomer of the US Navy, published photographs showing "possible trees" on Mars. He concluded that they were "ancient forests remains," that is to say, fossils. He also studied The Face on Mars at Cydonia, and concluded that the probability that it is a built structure is astronomically high − "a thousand billion billion to one." He determined, however, that such evidence was from a civilization that died out on Mars 3.2 million years ago, when life was beginning on Earth. Dr. Van Flandern concluded that Mars is a dead planet. I disagree. My analysis of NASA image PIA10214 in 2008 proved that Mars is inhabited today by humanoid beings and by many different animal species.
NASA image PIA10214
Mars' biota also includes plant life that we would liken to the algae, lichen, mosses, ferns, and sedges that we find here on Earth. As for the presence of water on Mars, I would cite the fact that in 2008, at the very time that NASA was announcing its "chilling discovery" of ice on Mars, I published data derived from NASA's own photographs showing evidence of both standing water and flowing water in the West Valley of the Columbia Basin of the Gusev Crater of Mars, which is in the middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere of Mars, about where Columbus, Ohio is here on Earth. In NASA image PIA10214, a lake, azure blue in color, can be seen at the foot of Husband Hill, to the west of the Home Plate Plateau. In NASA image PIA11049, a pipe can be seen, and from it, water can be seen flowing downward into a catch basin, around which, in turn, human beings can be seen standing, to the south of the Home Plate Plateau. Such evidence shows that NASA is attempting to conceal the obvious evidence of life that exists in its own photographs, which is contrary to the mission that the US space agency was given by the US Congress in the NASA Act of 1958, which was to foster "the expansion of human knowledge of… space."It is trying to do so by making periodic announcements of discoveries on Mars of a de minimis nature, most recently, the discovery of methane.
Surely, the people of this planet have a right to know that the planet that every two years comes closest to our planet, Mars, is an inhabited planet, and, in this way, to know and understand the true natural history of the solar system that we live in as inhabitants of this planet.
Okuneva: What is the probability that all of these forms of evidence are optical illusions? Basiago: None. I am a lawyer in Washington State, and I can say with some authority that the evidence that MARS has already published on the Web is sufficient to convince any jury in the United States that Mars is an inhabited planet. However, we are not at that place in the debate. Where we are at in the debate is whether President Obama will honor his own call for "Change" and change the traditional policy of the US government, established by the CIA's Robertson Panel of 1952-53, which has been to deny the existence of extraterrestrial life. You may remember that during the presidential campaign in 2008, President Obama was asked about extraterrestrial life and he joked that the critical question was whether or not the ET’s were Democrats or Republicans!
I met Barack Obama in 1982 when we were college students, and I think that he is smarter than that.
I think that he recognizes the great contribution that he could make as president were he to embrace my call to acknowledge that Mars is inhabited, establish a Mars protectorate under the UN, and normalize relations with the human civilization on Mars.
Ultimately, I think that he has no other choice, now that the evidence that Mars is inhabited so far surpasses the possibility that it is an optical illusion that it falls somewhere between the "substantial evidence" standard and the "beyond a reasonable doubt" standard.
Clearly, there is still some skepticism, but in my view such skepticism results from fear of change rather than the courage to confront the truth.
Okuneva: If the artifacts truly exist, what lessons should be learned by humanity about your discovery of life on Mars? Basiago: The overarching philosophical lesson to be learned from this new discovery is that we live in an inhabited Universe and that human life as we know it on Earth might be more commonplace in the Cosmos than we once thought. The 21st Century will see something that human civilization on Earth has not seen for 500 years - the discovery of a new world.
The immediate lesson to be learned, however, and the reason that I am leading the campaign to achieve political recognition that Mars is an inhabited planet, is that we must begin the great debate on Earth to enact the international treaty that is now required to protect the ecology and the civilization of Mars from visitation, exploration, habitation, and colonization by human beings from Earth.
We must remember that Mars does not belong to the people of America or of Russia or, indeed, the people of Earth. Mars belongs to the Martians! If we fail to recognize this, then we will fail our first major test of cosmic citizenship.
I think that the people of the Earth are ready for cosmic citizenship and I think that they are also ready for the truth.
Note: see Mr. Basiago’s paper The Discovery of Life on Mars
Basiago reveals US government’s “quantum access” capability What is fascinating about the determination made by Mr. High is that Mr. Basiago’s high level (34%) in the linguistic set predicted by the ALTA model might be caused by revelations of his other than those pertaining to life on Mars.
On August 31, 2009, in a six-hour interview by Jessica Schab that has become a YouTube classic, Mr. Basiago disclosed the existence of a secret US time travel program called Project Pegasus.
In the interview, Basiago states that the US government’s “quantum access” capability was so advanced 40 years ago that in 1971, he was asked to read a copy of his paper The Discovery of Life on Mars that had been retrieved from the future, so that when he wrote it, in 2008, it would contain as much data about Mars as possible.
This interview, in which Mr. Basiago explains the connections between his childhood involvement in Project Pegasus and later Mars findings, can be viewed here.
Project Pegasus was a classified, defense-related research and development program launched by the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in the late 1960’s.
In the YouTube interview with Ms. Schab, Mr. Basiago,
“relates his experiences in DARPA’s Project Pegasus during the period 1969 to 1972, and describes probes to past and future events that he took via teleportation and chronovision during the early days of time-space exploration by the US government.”According to Mr. Basiago, the US government already had a fully operational teleportation capability in 1967-68, and by 1969-70, was actively training a cadre of gifted and talented American schoolchildren, including himself, to become America’s first generation of “chrononauts” or time-space explorers.
This training, he said, culminated in 1981, when, as a 19-year-old, he teleported to Mars, first by himself after being prepared for the trip by CIA officer Courtney M. Hunt, and then a second time in the company of Hunt.
Both trips, Mr. Basiago said, were made via a “jump room” located at a CIA facility in El Segundo, CA.
The apparent purpose of the trips to Mars was to familiarize him with Mars because the CIA knew of his destiny pertaining to publicly establishing the fact that Mars is an inhabited planet and deemed it important that he visit Mars and experience its conditions first-hand.
Mr. Basiago’s involvement in advanced US time-space research as a child, as well as Courtney M. Hunt’s identity as a career CIA officer, have been confirmed by Dr. Jean Maria Arrigo, an ethicist who works closely with US military and intelligence agencies, and by US Army Captain Ernest Garcia, whose storied career in US intelligence included both serving as a guard on the Dead Sea Scrolls expeditions of Israeli archaeologist Yigal Yadin and as the Army security attaché to Project Pegasus.
Remote sensing in the time-space continuum
Mr. Basiago has revealed that between 1969 and 1972, as a child participant in Project Pegasus, he both viewed past and future events through a device known as a chronovisor and teleported back and forth across the country in vortal tunnels opened in time-space via Tesla-based teleporters located at the Curtiss-Wright Aeronautical Company facility in Wood Ridge, NJ and the Sandia National Laboratory in Sandia, NM.
DARPA had, he explains, five reasons for involving American school children in such new, dangerous, and experimental activities.
First, the Department of Defense wanted to test the mental and physical effects of teleportation on children. Second, Project Pegasus needed to use children because the holograms created by the chronovisors would collapse when adults stood within them. Third, the children were tabula rasa and would tend to see things during the time probes that adults would tend to miss. Fourth, the children were trainees who upon growing up would serve in a covert time-space program under DARPA that would operate in tandem with the overt space program under NASA. Lastly, the program sponsors found that after moving between time lines, adult time travelers were often becoming insane, and it was hoped that by working with gifted and talented children from childhood, the US government might create an adult cadre of “chrononauts” capable of dealing with the psychological effects of time travel.In one time probe to the future undertaken by Project Pegasus from a chronovisor device located at ITT Defense Communications in Nutley, NJ, Mr. Basiago viewed the US Supreme Court building in Washington, DC as it would be in the year 2013.
During this probe, he found that the Supreme Court building was under 100 feet of stagnant water and reported this to the Lieutenant Commander from the Office of Naval Intelligence who debriefed him after the probe to the future was completed.
He hastens to add that because the chronovisors did not identify absolute, deterministic futures but rather alternate futures in the “multi-verse,” this catastrophic vision of Washington, DC might be from an alternative time line that does not materialize on our time line.
In contrast to the chronovisor probes, in which a form of virtual time travel was achieved, the teleporters developed by Project Pegasus allowed for physical teleportation to distant locations, sometimes with an adjustment forward or backward in time of days, weeks, months, or years.
According to Mr. Basiago, by 1972, the US government was using “quantum displacement” of this kind to both send people forward in time several years to store sensitive military secrets in the future and backward in time several years to provide the government current intelligence about future events.
Societal impact of chronovision and teleportation
Andrew D. Basiago’s Pegasus revelations establish that a secret, advanced US time-space program emerged 40 years ago. For four decades, this program has used esoteric technologies involving chronovision and teleportation to perform “remote sensing in time” of past and future events.
For the past three decades, teleportation has also been used to send individuals from Earth to strategic US bases on Mars. He is adamant that these technologies be revealed so that their positive and negative aspects can be debated and their positive aspects used to advantage humanity.
Chronovision, he said, could be used to create an international network of virtual museums in which images from the past would be shown to enlighten and educate the public.
Misapplied, such technology could also be used to create a Fascist society based on 24-hour surveillance of individuals by government, which may have been portended by the DARPA project called “Total Information Awareness” that President George W. Bush established and placed under Admiral John Poindexter.
Teleportation is a second quantum access technology developed with public funds that the public is being denied the full benefits of.
Teleportation could be used, Basiago said, to move people and goods more quickly and efficiently around the globe, without the pollution caused by planes, trains, and automobiles or the negative land use effects from airports, railroad tracks, and highways.
Yet, if it is not declassified, teleportation will remain what it has been for 40 years, that is, a weapon for use only by the US military, to have the option to put troops precisely where they are needed on battlefields.
“I take my responsibilities as a planetary whistle blower very seriously,” Basiago said.“This is a truth campaign for positive human development on this planet. The people of this planet have a right to a true telling of the natural history of the solar system that we inhabit. This includes the truth that Mars is an inhabited planet and also that the United States’ secret space program has already sent individuals from this planet to the Red Planet.
If we are to achieve a sustainable human future on this planet, we must demand that the US government reveal the teleportation that has been used to reach Mars so that it can now be used to revolutionize human transport on Earth. The people of this planet have a right to inhabit a future global society in which all human beings enjoy the life-advantaging benefits of all of the technologies that all of human ingenuity has ever produced.
In both of these cases, whether a treaty protecting Mars or a global network of teleports results, the truth shall set us free.”
2020.02.22 23:30 CuteBananaMuffin Ancient Astronaut Theories
submitted by CuteBananaMuffin to conspiracy [link] [comments]
Paintings from Val Camonica, Italy, c.10,000 BC, have been claimed to depict extraterrestrial visitors. It has also been posited that they show gods or other mythological persons from religions of that time.
The Dogū (土偶) has been speculated to be an Ancient Astronaut that visited earth during the Jōmon period of Ancient Japan, it shows features claimed to resemble a space suit, goggles and a space helmet. Ancient astronaut theories are various proposals that the Earth had, before first human record, been visited by intelligent extraterrestrial beings, and that such contact is linked to either the origins or development of human cultures, technologies and/or religions.
Indeed, some of these theories suggests that gods from most -- if not all -- religions are actually extraterrestrial beings, and their technologies were mistaken for divine entities by primitive man. While no peer-reviewed scientific journal validates such claims, these theories have been popularized, particularly in the latter half of the 20th century, by writers Erich von Däniken, Zecharia Sitchin and others.
Ancient astronaut theories also may include the idea that civilization may have evolved on earth twice, and that the visitation of ancient astronauts may reflect the return of descendants of ancient humans whose population was separated from earthbound humans.
Proponents of ancient astronaut theories point to what they perceive as gaps in historical and archaeological records and also what they see as an absence of definitive explanations in certain contexts from the archaeological sciences.
Advocates of these theories put forward as evidence their interpretations of various archaeological artifacts, which they deem to have been anachronistic or beyond the presumed technical capabilities of the historical cultures they are associated with. Another common theme relies upon the interpretation of depictions in certain ancient artworks as being representations of actual extraterrestrial visitors as realized by the contacted cultures.
Critics maintain, however, that any gaps in contemporary knowledge of the past do not demonstrate that such speculative ideas are a necessary, or even plausible, conclusion to draw from the available data. A number of ancient astronaut claims are made in direct opposition to the consensus scientific interpretation of evidence and to legitimate scientific explanations. The scientific community remains generally skeptical, and the dominant view is that there is no actual evidence to support ancient astronaut and paleocontact theories.
Ancient astronaut theories may be considered a subset of paleocontact theory, a hypothesis that intelligent extraterrestrials have visited Earth. Carl Sagan, I.S. Shklovskii and Hermann Oberth are three notable scientists who have seriously considered this possibility.
Ancient astronaut adherents often claim that humans are either descendants or creations of beings who landed on Earth millennia ago. An associated theory is that much of human knowledge, religion and culture came from extraterrestrial visitors in ancient times. Ancient astronauts acted as a “mother culture”.
These ideas are generally discounted by the scientific community.
Charles Fort (1919) Morris K. Jessup (1955) George Hunt Williamson (1957) Peter Kolosimo (in his 1957 book, Il pianeta sconosciuto) Henri Lhote (1958), Matest M. Agrest (1959) Jacques Bergier & Louis Pauwels in their (1959) book, The Morning of the Magicians Brinsley Le Poer Trench (1960) W. Raymond Drake (1964) Brad Steiger (1967) in his book, The Flying Saucer Menace I.S. Shklovskii and Carl Sagan in their 1968 book Intelligent Life in the Universe Erich von Däniken (1968) Robert Charroux (1969) Dr. S. Lunskaya (1970) Rod Serling in his (1974) documentary In Search of Ancient Astronauts Robert K. G. Temple (1976) Zecharia Sitchin (1978) Maurice Chatelain (1978) Richard C. Hoagland Burak Eldem Alan F. Alford
i screenshot the table because i was bored recreating it
Theosophical writings of the 19th and early 20th centuries contain many precursors to the ancient astronaut theories. Theosophy influenced authors such as H. P. Lovecraft, Charles Fort, and Erich von Däniken.
Erich von Däniken
Erich von Däniken was a leading proponent of this theory in the late 1960s and early 1970s, gaining a large audience through the 1968 publication of his best-selling book Chariots of the Gods and its sequels.
Von Däniken's evidence for his vision of paleocontact is:
Certain artifacts and monumental constructions are claimed by von Däniken to have required a more sophisticated technological ability in their construction than what was available to the ancient cultures who constructed them. Von Däniken maintains that these artifacts were constructed either directly by extraterrestrial visitors or by humans who learned the necessary knowledge from said visitors. These artifacts and monuments include Stonehenge, the Moai of Easter Island, the Antikythera mechanism and the Ancient Baghdad Electric Batteries.Von Däniken claims that ancient art and iconography throughout the world illustrates air and space vehicles, non-human but intelligent creatures, ancient astronauts and artifacts of an anachronistically advanced technology. Von Däniken also claims that geographically separated historical cultures share artistic themes, which he argues imply a common origin.
For one such example, refer to von Däniken's interpretation of the sarcophagus lid recovered from the tomb of the Classic-era Maya ruler of Palenque, Pacal. Von Däniken claimed the design represented a seated astronaut, whereas the iconography and accompanying Maya text clearly identifies it as a portrait of the ruler himself with the World Tree of Maya mythology.
The origins of many religions are interpreted by von Däniken as reactions to encounters with an alien race. According to his view, humans considered the technology of the aliens to be supernatural and the aliens themselves to be gods. Von Däniken claims that the oral and written traditions of most religions contain references to alien visitors by descriptions of stars and vehicular objects traveling through air and space.
The author maintains that these should be seen as literal descriptions from eyewitnesses that have been interpreted by primitive peoples as supernatural events, or changed during the passage of time to become more obscure, rather than symbolic or mythical fiction. One such is Ezekiel's revelation in the Old Testament, which Däniken interprets as a detailed description of a landing spacecraft.
Since the publication of von Däniken's books, no substantial evidence has been found to verify his claims, while much claimed evidence has been disproven.
Zecharia Sitchin's series The Earth Chronicles, beginning with The 12th Planet, revolves around Sitchin's interpretation of ancient Sumerian and Middle Eastern texts, mysterious megalithic sites and anomalous artifacts from around the world. He theorizes the gods of old Mesopotamia were actually astronauts from the planet Nibiru, which the Sumerians believed to be a remote "12th planet" (counting the Sun, Moon, and Pluto as planets) associated with the god Marduk.
According to Sitchin, Nibiru continues to orbit our sun on a 3,600-year elongated orbit. Though modern astronomy has yet to find any direct evidence of this hypothetical planet, a number of recent observations of anomalies in the Kuiper belt and cometary trajectories have led some mainstream astronomers to suggest the explanation lies in the existence of a large planetary or stellar body part of yet beyond our known solar system .
Sitchin also suggests that the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter is the shattered remains of the ancient planet "Tiamat" which he claims was destroyed in one of Niburu's orbits through the solar system.
According to Sitchin, the Sumerians relate how 50 Anunnaki or inhabitants of Nibiru came to Earth approximately 400,000 years ago with the intent of mining raw materials for transport back to Nibiru. With their small numbers they soon tired of the task and set out to genetically engineer laborers to work the mines. After much trial and error they eventually created homo sapiens sapiens: the "Adapa" (model man) or Adam of later mythology.
Sitchin claims the Anunnaki were active in human affairs until their culture was destroyed by global catastrophes caused by the abrupt end of the last ice-age some 12,000 years ago.
Seeing that humans survived and all they had built was destroyed, from that point he says, "kingship was lowered from heaven to Earth" and the Anunnaki left Earth after giving humans the opportunity and means to govern themselves.
Robert K. G. Temple's 1976 book, The Sirius Mystery presents a case that the Dogon people of northwestern Mali preserved an ancient account of extraterrestrial visitation around 5,000 years ago. He quotes various lines of evidence, including advanced astronomical knowledge inherited by the tribe, descriptions, and comparative belief systems with ancient civilizations such as ancient Egypt and Sumer. His work draws heavily on the studies of cultural anthropologists, Marcel Griaule and Germaine Dieterlen.
His conclusions however, have seen criticism by Carl Sagan and Ian Ridpath, who pointed out discrepancies within Temple's account, and suggested that the Dogon may have received some of their information recently and probably from European sources.
In addition, noted anthropologist and ecologist, Walter E. A. van Beek criticizes Temple's sources, mainly Griaule, for misrepresenting Dogon ethnography, imposing his own ideas, and fabricating his account.
In direct response to van Beek's rebuttal however, daughter and colleague of Marcel Griaule, Genevieve Calame-Griaule provided a detailed refutation of her own. She dismisses van Beek's charges as being marred by a confusion of esoteric traditions and based almost entirely on speculation.
Temple responded to his critics by pointing out that certain information, like the density of Sirius B, had only been acquired by Westerners but a few years earlier. He also noted the possible detection of a third star in 1995 , of which had already been documented as being incorporated into Dogon mythology.
Skeptic and space journalist, James Oberg was cautious in his approach to the information, stating that enthusiasts of Temple's claims have neither been proven or disproved in their assertions, and while Temple was not able to establish unquestionably the antiquity of most of the information in question, speculative notions of recent attainment from Europeans is "entirely circumstantial", and concludes that it is likely we will never know for sure and this case may in fact remain a mystery.
Raëlian religious movement
Raëlism, or Raëlianism, is a religious movement created by Claude Vorilhon (or Raël). Raël claims to have encountered extraterrestrials on a number of occasions. On one such occasion, he claims that he was informed that humans were created by an advanced extraterrestrial humanoid race the Elohim, using their knowledge of DNA & Genetics.
The Raëlian movement also argues against evolution and supports human cloning.
Earlier sources — while generally not referencing ancient astronauts per se — suggest the creation of some monuments was beyond human means, such as Saxo Grammaticus' suggestion that giants had created Denmark's massive dolmens, or in tales that Merlin had assembled Stonehenge via magic.
Another frequent theme that can be encountered in many mythologies is a person who comes from far away as a god, or as the archetype of a "civilizing hero" who brings knowledge to mankind. Prometheus is the best-known Western example. In Native American lore there are numerous examples, including Quetzalcoatl of the Aztecs and Viracocha of the Incas.
The cross-cultural similarities of deities coming from the heavens and the manners in which they speak to humans are explained by some as evidence of visitations by extraterrestrial beings. The myths of Gods and Godesses are supposedly real accounts of these visitations.
The extraterrestrials are seen as divine due to their technology, which is superior to the point it can only be explained as the “powers” or magic of the God or Goddess by the creators of the deity myths.
Proponents cite ancient mythologies to support their viewpoints based on theories that hold that ancient creation myths of a god or gods who descend from the "heavens" to earth to create or instruct man are actually representations of alien visitors, whose superior technology accounts for their reception as gods. Such phenomenon is not unknown in modern times as is sometimes the case when primitive or isolated cultures are exposed to Western technology.
In 1519, with his fair skin and "high technology", the Spanish conqueror Cortez was greeted by the unsuspecting Aztecs as the returning God Quetzalcoatl . In the early 20th century, "cargo cults" were discovered in South Pacific; cultures who believed various Western ships and their cargo to be sent from the Gods as fulfillment of prophecies concerning their return .
As Arthur C. Clarke surmised in his 1961 book Profiles of the Future, "Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic." 
Flying machines are sometimes mentioned in ancient texts with one example the Vimanas, flying machines that can be found in the Sanskrit epics of India. These tales range from fantastic aerial battles employing various weaponry including bombs, to the mundane relating simple technical information, flight procedure, and flights of fancy. (See also Vimanika Shastra, a text on Vimanas "channeled" in the early 20th century.)
In the Biblical Old Testament, the Book of Ezekiel tells of a flying object seen as a fiery whirlwind which when descended to the ground gave the appearance of being made of metal. It is described among other things as a wheel within a wheel containing four occupants, "living creatures", whose likeness was that of man. The passage goes on to say that wherever the wheels went the creatures went, and when the living creatures were lifted up the wheels were lifted up .
The apocryphal Book of Enoch tells of similar flying objects and beings, but goes further in that Enoch is taken on journeys to various corners of the Earth in the object and at one point even travels to the heavens . In several chapters of the Old Testament, the Hebrew God Yaweh is depicted as traveling as a column of smoke and/or fire and making the sound of a trumpet.
These descriptions also describe Yahweh as a physical presence, not an abstraction. Yahweh is described raining lightning and stones down upon the enemies of the Hebrews. However, descriptions of the Hebrew God have also featured protecting wings and outstretched arms in the Psalms, features which may be considered contrary to theories of mechanical manifestations of God, but tellingly refers to the different perceptions of their God given the different eras the stories were written .
Additionally, the characteristics of the Ark of the Covenant and the Urim and Thummim are identified as suggesting high technology, perhaps from alien origins .
Physical evidence includes the discovery of ancient "model airplanes" in Egypt and Peru, which are said to be similar to modern planes and gliders, although typically these are interpreted by archaeologists as stylized interpretations of birds.
More support of this theory draws upon what they claim to be flying saucers in medieval and renaissance art. Objects in the paintings that cannot be explained with relevance to the art piece are often assumed to be flying saucers . This is used to support the ancient astronaut theory by attempting to show that the creators of humanity return to check up on their creation throughout time.
Other artistic support for the ancient astronaut theory has been sought in Palaeolithic cave paintings. Vondijina in Australia and Val Camonica in Italy (seen above) are claimed to bear a resemblance to present day astronauts. Supporters of the ancient astronaut theory sometimes claim that similarities such as dome shaped heads, interpreted as beings wearing space helmets, prove that early man was visited by an extraterrestrial race.
The famous Lid of Palenque, the ancient 5 ton sarcophagus lid found near modern day Palenque in Mexico, displays an intricate carving said to depict the Mayan king inside a rocket ship .
In modern times, the idea of ancient astronauts seems to have been given serious consideration by the United States Air Force who devoted an entire chapter to UFO's as part of their Department of Physics textbook Introductory Space Science, Volume II which was included in the Colorado Air Force Academy curriculum until it was removed in the 1970's.
Relating to ancient astronauts in particular, the textbook cites several ancient accounts of flying craft and concludes:
"From available information, the UFO phenomenon appears to have been global in nature for almost 50,000 years."Nazca Lines
The ancient Nazca lines comprise hundreds of enormous ground drawings etched into the high desert landscape of Peru which consist primarily of geometric shapes, but also include depictions of a variety of animals and at least one human
Many supporters of this theory cite the Nazca lines as evidence because the figures created by the lines are most clearly depicted or only able to be seen when viewed from the air.
Writing professor Joe Nickell of the University of Kentucky, using only technology he believed to be available to people of the time, was able to recreate one of the larger figures with a reasonable degree of accuracy .
Difficulties of building and moving megaliths
Evidence for ancient astronauts is purported to include such ancient monuments and megalithic ruins as the Giza pyramids of Egypt, Machu Picchu in Peru, or Baalbek in Lebanon among others . Supporters contend these structures could not have been built with the limited technical abilities or tools of the people of the time and argue as well that many could not be duplicated even today.
They suggest it is not only the unwieldy size of the stones, but also the precision they were laid and great distances many were transported which leaves the question open as to who could have possibly built them. While these contentions are categorically rejected by mainstream archeology, regardless of their origin, mysteries still remain as to how and why such structures were built.
Such allegations are not unique in history, however, as similar reasoning lay behind the wonder of the Cyclopean masonry walling at Mycenaean cities in the eyes of Greeks of the following "Dark Age," who believed that the giant Cyclopes had built the walls.
As well as aliens, other candidates for the lost civilizations that taught or provided these skills are the pseudo-historical lost continents of Atlantis, Lemuria and Mu.
Challenging the idea that the transporting of huge megaliths by ancient man was beyond their capabilities, archaeologists at Easter Island have attempted to demonstrate how people with stone age technology could have moved small megaliths short distances like some of the Easter Island Moai.
The poured concrete Moai used in the demonstration weighed approximately 6 tons and was lifted onto the sled by modern crane, but was able to be moved with rollers several meters and erected upright.
Actual Moai, however, weigh on average 12.5 metric tons with the largest erected being 74.4 metric tons.
The three largest megalithic stones at Baalbek which together are referred to as the "Trilithon", are the largest stones quarried by man and are estimated to weigh 1000 tons each with an even larger fourth stone still lying in the quarry over 1/2 of a mile away .
The three stones sit on top of a wall nearly 26ft high comprised of similar stones weighing between 50-500 tons. The world's land record for greatest weight lifted by a mobile land crane is 1000 tons set by the Lampsons's Transilift Series II A.
With a maximum un-modified lift capacity of 1100 tons, this crane requires 80 semi-trailer trucks to deliver the components and 3 weeks to assemble .
Other than the proponents' own interpretations of ancient writings and artifacts, there has yet to be found any hard evidence to support the ancient astronaut hypothesis.
Alan F. Alford, author of “Gods of the New Millennium”, (1996) is an adherent of the ancient astronaut theory. Much of his work draws on Sitchin’s theories. However, he does admit to some faults in Sitchin’s theory after deeper analysis.
“I am now firmly of the opinion that these gods personified the falling sky; in other words, the descent of the gods was a poetic rendition of the cataclysm myth which stood at the heart of ancient Near Eastern religions.” (Alford)Notes
2018.08.06 21:32 andreina139 CONOCE EL MÁGICO EFECTO DEL BICARBONATO DE SODIO EN EL PH
El bicarbonato de sodio es un compuesto químico, el cual posee un color blanco característico y una textura muy fina, el cual no posee ningún olor pero al llevarlo a la nariz puede provocar irritación.submitted by andreina139 to u/andreina139 [link] [comments]
La fórmula química de este compuesto es NaHCO3, lo que quiere decir que solo tiene una molécula de sodio, una molécula de hidrógeno, una molécula de carbono y finalmente 3 moléculas de oxígeno.
Por lo tanto es considerado como una sal, el cual cristalino y se presenta como un polvo fino, además de poseer un sabor un poco alcalino, el cual se asemeja a carbonato de sodio.
El bicarbonato de sodio es un polvo soluble al agua, donde por cada 100 miligramos de agua se necesita 7,8 miligramos de bicarbonato para que se logren disolver en su totalidad.
Como ya mencionamos el bicarbonato de sodio es inodoro, lo que quiere decir que no posee ningún olor, pero al llevarlo a la nariz e inhalarlo produce tos, estornudos e irritación.
Sin embargo por ser inodoro es usado en los hogares para eliminar y neutralizar olores fuertes dentro del hogar, desde las cajas de gatos hasta los zapatos de la familia.
Entre las propiedades químicas de bicarbonato de sodio podemos mencionar algunas de las importantes y resaltantes como lo son las siguientes:
Por lo que según la historia, los primeros usos de este compuesto datan para el siglo XVIII en Egipto, en donde las personas usaban una mezcla de bicarbonato de sodio con carbonato de sodio llamándola patrón.
Este patrón era obtenido por medio de la evaporación de agua salada de un lago, la cual era empleada para diversos usos, como lo son:
El cual actuaba de manera similar a la levadura, por lo que con el pasar del tiempo fueron refinando el carbonato de sodio, hasta dar con lo que se conoce hoy en día como bicarbonato de sodio.
El cual es usado en la actualidad para una gran cantidad de usos, incluso para la salud y la regulación del pH es muy bueno, debido a que funciona como un sistema amortiguador.
Conoce los beneficios del bicarbonato de sodio
2018.02.24 05:31 AntonioMachado  Gianfranco Biondi e Olga Rickards - The Scientific Fallacy of the Human Biological Concept of Race
Race? It is a feeling, not a reality. Ninety-five per cent, at least. Nothing will ever make me believe that biologically pure races can be shown to exist today.… National pride has no need of the delirium of race.
Talks with Mussolini (1932, pág. 86)
the idea that human behavior was correlated to physical characteristics influenced anthropology to the point of becoming the essence of the concept of race
[...] how could the diversification of human biological races have occurred in a couple of millennia? In such a scientific climate, polygenism, supported by several authors, seemed to be more consistent with the earth chronology of the time.
the limitation of morphological characteristics is due to the impossibility to discriminate between the contribution of genes and environment in forming their phenotype. It follows that those traits are not suitable to clarify the relationships between the various groups. [...] Skin colour, colour and shape of eyes and colour of hair, shape and size of body and head are under strict and direct environmental influences and tend to adapt themselves to the environment in which they live. [...] populations that live in a certain geographical environment are more similar morphologically, even though they do not share a common phylogenetic history.
Renato Biasutti [...] summarized morphologic and genetic trait variations in geographic distribution maps which showed lack of correlation between traits. This approach turned out to be so damaging for the concept of race because it contained the basis for a scientifically more valid appraisal of human biological variation, i.e. the use of the cline concept or the gradual transition
race is "unscientific as a way to explaining variation".
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